Last Updated on October 27, 2020 by cmoarz
Let’s learn how to grow basil in winter. Why? Simple! Because dry basil isn’t nearly as good of course!
That’s probably all you have left in your pantry during winter right?
So, let’s grow it instead!
But doesn’t basil hate the cold weather? Yeah, basil does. Like most herbs, basil thrives in a sunny warm place.
So don’t go jumping out of your chair to try and dig a whole in your frozen garden bed in your backyard! That’s not going to cut it!
You will need to grow it indoors (unless you have a greenhouse that is). But don’t worry it’s not any harder! There are 2 ways to do this: Hydroponics and traditional.
Growing Basil Hydroponically In Winter
If you already have a hydroponics setup, You can skip this section and click here for instructions.
The best of the 2 methods, Hydroponically grown basil is a treat. For almost no space investment you can always have a crop of fresh basil ready to harvest, and all it takes is 28 days to get started. That’s how long it takes for basil to grow hydroponically (even less if you just want microgreens(14 days)!)
If your just starting out with hydroponics, or looking to get into it for the first time, we recommend using this starter kit.
- Smart Indoor Gardening System-Spring all year round: No soil requirement and no season limits, alwasy fresh. Designed with Smart LED Control System, 1.2 L water tank and 9 planting seeds pods for your herb garden like cilantro, basil, tomatoes, strawberries, thyme, lettuce, etc.(Contains 2 bottles of nutrient solution, no seeds inside due to import restrictions)
- Ideal for All Growth Stage-Eco-friendly Full Spectrum LED Grow Lights: The 21 watt LED of this indoor herb gardern kit simulates the solar spectrum, which is not affected by seasons and weather, maximizes photosynthesis and ensures plant healthy growth, making your plants grow 1.5 times faster than others. We use a new four-in-one light technology to effectively protect the eyes from blue light and the skin from ultraviolet light.
- Height-Adjustable Home Garden Kit - No limitation for plant growing: The unique design of the hydroponic growing system light allows you to adjust the height of the lamp at a 135 degree Angle for differnet growth stage of the plant. It does not limit the growth height of the plant while ensuring photosynthesis, so that the plant will not be burned to death by heat when it grows to the same height as the top of the lamp。
- Simple and Easy to Use-Smart LED Control System: Grow seedlings in the nursery box, transplant the seedlings to the hydroponic system, then add water to the water tank and then connect and turn on LED lighting. Our smaert LED control system with auto turn-on/off. Only need to add water once every two weeks.
- Perfect Gift for Your Family-Safety, Healthy and Fun. Built your in home herb gardern, grow fresh herbs & veggies all year round in it. It is convenient for children to get close to nature, understand the process of plant growth, and get the joy of harvest. It issuitable for kitchen, bedroom, office, etc.
It makes getting started easy as it comes with all the equipment you need to get started
- 21w grow light built-in, a good spectrum of light
- Takes normal seeds, not trademarked pods
- Automatic timer for light, hands-off
- A bunch of accessories
- Comes with a starter batch of nutrient formula
So as you can see it is perfect for someone who just wants some fresh herbs in the kitchen. Set it and forget it.
For hydroponic growers at home, Here are the nutrient mixtures and plant specs you need to follow.
|Substrate||sterilized Rockwool, peat moss, coco coir, perlite or vermiculite|
|Calcium / Potasium Mixture||1:1 ratio (high) (We recommend this)|
|pH level||5.8 to 6.2|
|Light Cycle||14 hours per day|
|DLI||12 mol per m2 /day+|
|EC||If winter, 1.4, summer 1.0|
|Can mix with other herbs||Yes, But it’s advisable to keep them separated for adjusting nutrient solution|
|Can reproduce with cuttings||Yes|
In winter, Basil will require 10-14 hours of light per day. In summer this can be lessened to 10.
It’s crucial the ambient temperature remains between 70F and 80F.
To propagate basil from a cutting, you should cut off a stem that is about 3-4 inches long from a new growth above the lateral leaf node. (cut the tip).
Prune the lower leaves only leaving the leaves on the very top. Put your cutting in your hydroponic setup in your chosen substrate. Be sure it’s well watered and give it a lot of light.
It will take about a week for the cutting to start producing roots of it’s own. If you live in a place with low humidity (which is often the case in winter anyway) you should cover your hydroponic setup with a tarp or bag to create a greenhouse effect.
This will stop the basil from drying out and burning. However, be sure not to make it too humid as this is also detrimental. You should keep it between 60% and 65% humidity as basil requires more than most other herbs.
That is another reason it should be kept separated from other herbs.
With a bag or container placed over the hydroponic setup, normal evaporation should be able to get to the levels you require. Just be sure to keep an eye on it to make sure it’s not too high or too low.
We recommend you get a hygrometer which will help you monitor the humidity levels for your plants.
- Accuracy: With a built-in Swiss-made sensor, the temperature is accurate to ±0.54°F and humidity is ±3%RH. Enjoy precise data from the hygrometer thermometer every 2 seconds.
- Smart App Alerts: Set preset temp and humidity ranges with the Govee Home App, and if levels fall out of that range, you'll receive a notification instantly. Respond faster to changes in your wine cellar, greenhouse, or terrarium.
- 196Ft Wide Bluetooth Covering Range: Detecting range is up to 196 feet without obstructions. You can track the data remotely via Bluetooth on the Govee Home App within this distance.
- Two Display Methods: This device is designed with mini round LCD screen. You can check the current temperature humidity on LCD display, or you can get current and historic data via APP.
- 2 Year Data Record and Export: Wireless temperature monitor can record data up to 32000 data pieces of 2 years and synchronize to your phone via Bluetooth. You can export data to CSV format at any time.
Start the seeds with regular PH balanced water for the first handful of days after germination. After that, around the 4th day, start using 1/2 recommended nutrient solution for about 1 week before increasing to full dosage.
It’s hard to make your own solutions by hand, as a beginner you should buy them. However, if you looking to get more involved, You should know that the most common solutions contain potassium nitrate, calcium nitrate, potassium phosphate, magnesium sulfate, and other trace minerals.
Your nutrient solution should be changed often, every 3-5 days to prevent build-up, mold, and other hazards to your basil.
And that’s how to grow basil in winter hydroponically. It’s very easy if you just buying everything you need, Or already have a set up for it. But what about those of us who don’t want to spend money or just want to grow it naturally?
How to grow basil in winter using traditional methods (dirt)
Growing basil in the soil is pretty clear cut and simple, here are the instructions you should follow.
- Dirt Quality: Basil loves drained moist soil and a neutral pH level. Unlike hydroponics which requires a higher pH level. Soil shouldn’t be too rich and requires no editing after the first plant of the season.
- Natural basil needs about 7 hours of sunlight a day in a warm temperature. The same temp as hydroponic basil (70-80F). Keep out of direct sunlight though, It will get scorched.
- Water when the soil feels dry. Do not get water on its leaves, Use a long-nosed watering container to get at its stem.
- Space 12-16 inches apart. Basil can get large and fluffy and needs space. If you don’t have a lot of space consider getting a variety of basil that doesn’t get large.
And that’s the gist of it, Super easy. You shouldn’t have any issues growing your own basil this winter.
Throw away that horrible dried stuff, Now that you know how to grow basil in winter there is no reason you shouldn’t always have fresh basil all year round.
You might save quite a bit of money too when it comes to constantly buy it fresh in summer. Trust us, Grow it, It will make your life that much better!
Check out our other related article
Last update on 2021-05-13 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API